Teaching period

3rd semester

 

Learning outcomes

  • Comprehension of the causes and knowledge of the size of charging of the musculoskeletal structures during normal activities and therapeutic exercises,
  • Development of the ability to describe the physiological arthrokinematics and gait, as well as to identify pathological movement in order to organize a successful intervention,
  • Comprehension of the structural and anatomical special features of biomaterials and the effect on them from physiological and excessive charging, as well as from immobilisation,
  • Development of the ability to respond to biomaterials during rehabilitation on mechanical strains, with what rate and up to which point they restore their properties, in order to have a safe and effective physiotherapeutic intervention,
  • Comprehension of the possibilities and limitations of the modern means of biomechanical analysis.

 

Teaching method

  • Presentation of each unit by the teaching professor,
  • Practical application of the laws of Physics on real moves using students as models,
  • Analysis and description of physiological moves and exercises and classification according to the charge on the different anatomical structures of the human body,
  • Comparison of physiological and pathological standards of movement,
  • Use of the measurement instruments of the biomechanics laboratory facilities for basic applications,
  • Highlighting of the most important points of methodology of data collection and analysis,
  • Projects assignment with interpretation of real results.

 

Week by week schedule

The lab part of Biomechanics – Ergonomics is summarised in 30 teaching hours, organised in 15 2-hour sessions, in which student attendance is mandatory.

 

Week Unit

1

Introduction to Biomechanics: History, Basic Principles, Scientific Field

 

Introduction to Ergonomics: Nature, Field of Application

2

Fundamental Principles of Mechanics - Natural Laws, Charges on the Human Body

3

Composition - Analysis of Forces in Human Moves - Levers

4

Muscle Torque - Load

5

Human Balance: Control Organs, Mechanical Factors that Affect Balance

6

Arthrokinematics: Rolling, Slipping, Turning

7

Biomechanical Properties of Collagen Tissues: Mechanical Endurance of Tendons, Ligaments - Mechanisms of Traumatism, Healing

8

Biomechanical Properties of Articular Cartilages: Mechanical Behavior when Charged, Mechanisms of Traumatism

9

Biomechanical Properties of Bones: Stress, Fracture, Porosis

10

Measuring Instruments in Biomechanics

11

Linkage of Biomechanics with Orthotics Manufacture

12

Fundamental Principles of Ergonomics - Contribution to Improvement of Life Quality and Effectiveness

13

Recording of the most Significant Ergonomic Risks and the most Common Musculoskeletal Disorders Associated with Wrong Posture

14

Analysis of Ergonomic Positions and Charges in order to Prevent and Rehablititate Injuries

15

Repetition

 

Textbooks/reference material

In English

  1. Enoka. R. M. (2002). Neuromechanics of Human Movement-3rd Edition. Human Kinetics
  2. Jozsa L. (1997). Human Tendons - Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology. Human Kinetics
  3. Knudson D., Morrison C (2002). Qualitative Analysis of Human Movement-2nd Edition Human Kinetics
  4. Mac Intosh. B.R. (2006). Skeletal Muscle-2nd Edition - Form and Function Human Kinetics
  5. Nordin. M. (2001). Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System Lippincot
  6. Nordin M & Frankel V.H. (1989). Basic biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system. Lee & Febiger
  7. Oatis C.A. (2004). Kinesiology: The Mechanics & Pathomechanics of Human Movement. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  8. Perry J (1992).Gait analysis. Normal and pathological function”. Slack Incorporated
  9. Seibel M.J., Robins S.P., Bilezikian J.P. (2006). Dynamics of Bone and Cartilage Metabolism: Principles and Clinical Applications (Hardcover) 2nd ed by Academic Press
  10. Van Mow C. (2004). Basic Orthopaedic Biomechanics and Mechano-Biology Lippincott
  11. Whittle M.W. (2007). Gait Analysis, 4th Edition - An Introduction. Butterworth-Heinemann

 

In Greek

  1. Πουλμέντης Πέτρος (2007). Βιολογική μηχανική – Εργονομία. Εκδόσεις Καπόπουλος (Biomechanics – Ergonomics)
  2. Ζαφειρόπουλος Γεώργιος (1997). Λειτουργική Ανατομική - Εμβιομηχανική του μυοσκελετικού συστήματος. Εκδόσεις Παρισιάνου (FunctionalAnatomy – BiomechanicsoftheMusculoskeletalSystem)
  3. Τσακλής, Π (2005). Γενικές Αρχές Εργονομίας και Προληπτική Φυσικοθεραπεία. University Studio Press (General Principles of Ergonomics and Preventive Physiotherapy)
  4. Λάιος, Λ.,  Γιαννακούρου, Μ (2003). Σύγχρονη Εργονομία. Εκδόσεις Παπασωτηρίου (Modern Ergonomics)

 

Assessment

Assessment of the lab part of Biomechanics - Ergonomics takes place on a daily basis with three more formal exam-type assessments which comprise of practical demonstration of techniques and methods from students. Except from the daily evaluation of students and the intermediate evaluation, a final examination takes place at the end of the semester. This examination is conducted by the teaching professors personally with the students divided in pairs, in order to recreate the skills they have obtained during the semester on each other. The final grade of the subject derives from the average of the theoretical and laboratory part and has to be 5 out of 10 or higher. Nevertheless, the students need to achieve 5 out of 10 for each of the parts to consider the subject passed. The examination’s duration is 15-30 minutes. After passing the theoretical and laboratory part, the students are awarded with 5 ECTS credits.



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